Situated along the international border with Pakistan, the district Barmer and Jaisalmer are the heart of the desert- Thar. Jaisalmer is also known as ‘Golden City’. It is the largest foreign tourist attractor district. In the villages the main sources of income are animal rearing and farming. Small land holding and their low productivity are the cause of poverty among household dependent on land based activities for their livelihood. Due to poor educational base and lack of awareness, literacy ratio is very low and even there is a large gap between female and male literacy. Social problems like child marriage, unemployment, are largely spread in this rural part.

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